Jurnal Simki Economic 2024-02-15T15:55:02+07:00 Erwin Putera Permana Open Journal Systems <div style="background-color: #ebfeec; border: 2px solid #bae481; border-radius: 5px; text-align: left; padding: 5px; font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 14px; margin-left: 0px;">Simki Economic Journal Published 2 times in 1 year. This Scientific Periodical is a scientific publication in the fields of economics such as Management, Accounting and Economic Education.</div> <p><br><a href=";1501128771&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ISSN (<em>Online</em>) 2599-0748</a><br><a title="Web Analytics" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="" alt="Web Analytics"></a> <a href="">View Economic Stats</a></p> Analisis Penentuan Harga Jual pada Usaha Thrifting di @mozza.thriift 2024-01-10T13:08:27+07:00 Antri Arta M. Agus Salim Lutfi Agus Eko Sujianto Mashudi Mashudi <p>This research analyzes the determination of selling prices in the thrifting business at @MOZZA.THRIIFT. The purpose of this study is to identify factors that influence the determination of selling prices and provide recommendations for effective pricing strategies. The research method used is a qualitative approach with interviews with the owner and manager of @MOZZA.THRIIFT and secondary data analysis. The analysis was used to identify factors that influence pricing, and analysis was used to formulate pricing strategies. The research findings show that product quality, brand, market demand, and economic conditions affect pricing in thrifting businesses. Pricing strategy recommendations include price differentiation based on product quality and condition, dynamic pricing, and appropriate sales promotion. The implication of this research is the importance of paying attention to these factors in determining the optimal selling so that thrifting businesses can increase their profits and competitiveness. The results of this study can be a guide for thrift business owners and managers in optimizing pricing strategies to achieve success in the thrifting industry.</p> 2024-01-01T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Antri Arta, M. Agus Salim Lutfi, Agus Eko Sujianto, Mashudi Analisis Perdagangan Internasional Indonesia pada Kebijakan ACFTA dan AKFTA 2024-01-10T13:08:28+07:00 Riady Ibnu Khaldun <p>Current international trade policies open up opportunities to minimize various forms of obstacles, so that every party that agrees on these policies feels the convenience of the transaction process. These efforts are in line with what is stated in trade liberalization, namely reducing restrictions on trade, both in the form of tariff and non-tariff policies. Among several free international trade policies that have been ratified by Indonesia, there are two policies that have the potential to be optimized in order to get maximum benefits, namely the ASEAN China Free Trade Area (ACFTA) and the ASEAN Korea Free Trade Area (AKFTA). The purpose of this research is to analyze international trade on ACFTA and AKFTA policies. Where this study uses a qualitative research design with a descriptive approach method and the data used in this study are secondary data derived from previous research, publications originating from various government agencies both offline and online, as well as other supporting documents. The results of this study indicate that the ACFTA free trade policy was signed on November 4 2002 and its implementation began in January 2010 on the AKFTA was signed on August 24 2006, between the two free trade agreements each emphasizing the elimination of tariffs for 80% of goods traded. traded, protecting market access and ensuring a more transparent environment for investors for AKFTA, as well as the elimination of tariffs for 94.6% of all tariff lines for exports from Indonesia to China.</p> 2024-01-01T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Riady Ibnu Khaldun The Effect of Learning Behavior on the Level of Understanding of Accounting with Emotional Intelligence as a Moderating Variable 2024-01-10T13:08:27+07:00 Maria Yunita Hendriyani Radu Dewi Kusuma Wardani <p>This study aims to investigate whether understanding in accounting can be affected by learning behavior patterns. In addition, this study also aims to identify a possible relationship between learning behavior patterns and the level of understanding in accounting, taking into account the moderating effect of emotional intelligence. The method used in this study was convenience sampling, with a total sample of 86 respondents who were students of the Accounting study program at Sarjaniwiyata Tamansiswa University. The data taken for this study is primary data obtained through a questionnaire containing the responses from the respondents. The analysis technique applied is path analysis, where learning behavior serves as the independent variable, the level of understanding of accounting as the dependent variable, and emotional intelligence as the moderator variable. The results of the analysis show that learning behavior has the potential to influence the level of understanding of accounting. In addition, emotional intelligence also has the potential to moderate the influence between learning behavior and learning interest on the level of understanding of accounting. This finding has important implications in the context of this research.</p> 2024-01-01T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Maria Yunita Hendriyani Radu, Dewi Kusuma Wardani Analisis Daya Tarik Atmosfer Instagramable untuk Menarik Minat Kunjung Kembali Wisatawan di Blitar Park 2024-01-10T13:08:27+07:00 Denok Wahyudi Setyo Rahayu Aqnes Dwi Sakti Hamidah <p>The use of social media such as Instagram is very popular. Instagram is a forum for users to display their user activities in the form of photos or videos. Uploading photos and videos is a common thing for Instagram account owners. The aim of the research is to determine the attractiveness of an instagrammable atmosphere to attract tourists to come back to Blitar Park. The variables used in the research are the interior and exterior of Blitar Park as independent variables, while tourist return interest is the dependent variable. The population is visitors to Blitar Park. The sampling technique used Accidental Sampling provided that the respondent had visited Taman Blitar and was aged 17 years or over with a total sample of 116 respondents. The data analysis method applied involves applying validity and reliability tests, classical assumption tests, including normality tests, multicollinearity tests, and heteroscedasticity tests. Apart from that, it also involves multiple linear regression analysis and analysis of the coefficient of determination. The research results show that Blitar Park's internal and external variables influence tourists' interest in visiting again, both partially and simultaneously.</p> 2024-01-01T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Denok Wahyudi Setyo Rahayu, Aqnes Dwi Sakti Hamidah Pengungkapan Sustainability Reporting terhadap Kinerja Perusahaan 2024-01-10T13:08:27+07:00 Aning Fitriana <p>This research aims to obtain empirically prove the effect of sustainability reporting based on three aspects, namely economic performance (EC), environmental performance (EN), social performance (SO) on financial performance. Descriptive quantitative was chosen as the method in this research. The population of this study manufacturing companies are listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The research sample used purposive sampling for 3 years in the period 2020-2022 so there were 45 companies. The data of analysis technique was multiple regression analysis. The results of this reseach simultaneously for economic performance variables, environmental performance, social performance have no effect toward financial performance. The same result for the partial test for economic performance variables, environmental performance has no effect toward financial performance.</p> 2024-01-01T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Aning Fitriana Pengaruh Inflasi, Ekspor dan Impor Terhadap Stabilitas Nilai Tukar Rupiah per Dollar AS Periode 2016-2022 2024-01-10T13:08:27+07:00 Elsa Amitha Mutiara Diana Puspitasari <p>The stability of the rupiah exchange rate per US dollar continues to fluctuate, but in general the rupiah exchange rate per US dollar from 2016-2022 has depreciated. The depreciation of a currency will have a negative impact on the country's economy. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of inflation, exports and imports on the stability of the rupiah exchange rate per US dollar for the period 2016-2022. This research uses a quantitative approach using secondary data with the data used in the form of panel data, namely a combination of time series and cross section data obtained through data published by Bank Indonesia and Badan Pusat Statistic for 7 years of observation from January 2016 to December 2022. The data analysis technique used to test the hypothesis is multiple linear regression analysis with data processing tools using SPSS. The results showed that Inflation has a negative but insignificant effect on the rupiah exchange rate per US dollar. Exports have a positive and significant effect on the rupiah exchange rate per US dollar. Imports have a positive and insignificant effect on the rupiah exchange rate per US dollar.</p> 2024-01-01T19:42:06+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Elsa Amitha Mutiara, Diana Puspitasari Pengaruh Investasi Terhadap Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja pada Sektor Industri Besar di Kabupaten Sidoarjo 2024-01-10T13:08:27+07:00 Dita Putri Eka Wahyuni Kukuh Arisetyawan Lucky Rachmawati Ladi Wajuba Perdini Fisabilillah <p>One of the classic problems in Indonesia that has not been successfully resolved until now and continues to be scientifically researched is the unemployment rate. This study aims to analyze whether the number of employment in large industries is affected by investment. This research applies quantitative methods and time series data analysis processed with the help of Stata. The research was conducted in one of the provinces in East Java, namely Sidoarjo Regency with a limited range of years between 2010 and 2021. The type of data applied is secondary data obtained through the Sidoarjo Regency Communication and Information Office. The results indicate that investment positively and significantly affects labor absorption. This means that an increase in investment increases labor absorption. The greater the investment, the higher the employment. Suggestions for future researchers are to use a wider scope of research data, such as the scope of Indonesia. In addition, it can expand the category of variables on the effect on educated, trained, uneducated, and unskilled labor.</p> 2024-01-01T20:48:19+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Dita Putri Eka Wahyuni, Kukuh Arisetyawan, Lucky Rachmawati, Ladi Wajuba Perdini Fisabilillah Analisis Efektivitas Pengeluaran Pemerintah, Ekspor, Investasi Asing Langsung, Tenaga Kerja dan Inflasi terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Tahun 2008 – 2021 (Studi Kasus : 8 Negara ASEAN) 2024-01-10T13:08:26+07:00 Miftah Helmiyanti Rifki Khoirudin <p>Economic growth is the increase in the production level of an economy measured through national income, including components such as government expenditure, exports, foreign direct investment, labor force, and inflation reflected in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This research analyzes the influence of these components on economic growth in 8 ASEAN countries during the period 2008-2021 using the Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) analysis method on dynamic panel data. With Stata 14 processing, the results of this study indicate that (1) government expenditure does not significantly affect economic growth, (2) exports have a positive and significant impact on economic growth, (3) foreign direct investment has a positive and significant impact on economic growth, (4) the labor force does not significantly affect economic growth, (5) inflation does not significantly affect economic growth.</p> 2024-01-02T13:13:31+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Miftah Helmiyanti, Rifki Khoirudin Pengaruh Semangat Kerja, Disiplin Kerja dan Budaya Kerja Terhadap Produktivitas Kerja Pada PT Arina Parama Jaya Gresik 2024-01-10T13:08:26+07:00 Ibrahim Zakariya Roziana Ainul Hidayati <p>Value fluctuations arrive late and arrive on time so this has the potential to disrupt work productivity. Another factor faced by PT. Arina Parama Jaya is a decline in employee morale in achieving predetermined targets. There is a tendency for some employees to be lazy and come late and take the tasks given to them for granted. The impact of this behavior cannot be underestimated, as it includes more than just reduced productivity. This can also affect the company's image, because a company's reputation is formed from the quality of service and commitment to excellence. This research uses a quantitative type of research. The population and sample are all 104 employees. The data analysis technique for this research uses the PLS (Partial Least Square) analysis method with the help of the SmartPLS version 4.0 application. PLS. The research results can be concluded that work enthusiasm, work discipline and work culture have a significant positive influence on employee work productivity. High morale motivates employees to give their best in their work, while good work discipline helps increase efficiency and reduce the level of negligence. A positive work culture creates an environment that supports and encourages employees to contribute optimally.</p> 2024-01-03T06:14:02+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ibrahim Zakariya, Roziana Ainul Hidayati Pengaruh Dana Otonomi Khusus, Pengeluaran Perkapita, Umur Harapan Hidup Saat Lahir, Harapan Lama Sekolah, dan Rata-Rata Lama Sekolah Terhadap Indeks Pembangunan Manusia di Provinsi Papua Tahun 2014-2022 2024-01-10T13:08:26+07:00 Ryana Syafira Rifki Khoirudin Indanazulfa Qurrota A’yun <p>During the period of 2014-2022, the province of Papua experienced a Human Development Index (HDI) level below the national average, and the rankings of HDI indicators also tended to be lower compared to other provinces. This research aims to explore the impact of HDI indicators on the HDI levels in various districts/cities in the province of Papua. The research approach used is a correlational method with a focus on understanding the correlation between dependent and independent variables. Regression analysis techniques were applied to the districts/cities in the province of Papua over the period of 2014-2022. The research findings reveal that the special autonomy fund indicator has a negative and non-significant effect on the Human Development Index in the province of Papua during that period. Meanwhile, the indicators of per capita expenditure, life expectancy at birth, expected years of schooling, and average years of schooling positively and significantly influence the improvement of the Human Development Index in the province of Papua during the same period.</p> 2024-01-03T06:22:55+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ryana Syafira, Rifki Khoirudin, Indanazulfa Qurrota A’yun Manajemen Pengelolaan Usaha Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Ekonomi FKIP Universitas Sriwijaya 2024-01-10T13:08:26+07:00 Yuliana FH Deskoni Deskoni Firmansyah Firmansyah <p>Students' interest in entrepreneurship shows a positive trend, but what is no less important in running a business is not only the courage to start but also the consistency needed from students to be able to maintain the existence of their business through regular and directed business management. This research aims to 1) provide a general overview of student businesses and 2) how business management is carried out by students of the Sriwijaya University Economic Education Study Program Class of 2018-2020 in terms of operational and product management, capital, and financial management, and marketing management.&nbsp;This type of research is qualitative descriptive research with data collection techniques using in-depth interviews, observations and documentation of 20 students who run businesses. Based on the results of research that has been obtained data that there are 13.5% of students who run businesses in the fields of services, reseller, art / crafts, and culinary. In managing its business on operational and product management, most of it is still done independently because the focus is still divided between lectures and managing business. In addition, the limitation of capital is one of the obstacles in starting a business and for financial management management that is still very simple by making records related to cash in and outflow funds to find out the amount of business profit. Furthermore, marketing management is done through offline and online marketing through social media and marketplaces.</p> 2024-01-04T10:10:45+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Yuliana FH, Deskoni, Firmansyah Pengaruh Gaya Kepemimpinan dan Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan dengan Dimediasi Variabel Motivasi 2024-01-10T13:08:26+07:00 Puji Santoso Heru Baskoro <p>This research aims to determine the effect of Leadership Style and Work Environment on Employee Performance mediated by Motivation variables. The population used in this research were employees in the quality control department at an PT. XYZ instant food company in Gresik district. The sample in this research was 54 respondents with a quantitative approach, using non-probability sampling techniques. This data was taken using a questionnaire which was distributed directly to respondents. After the questionnaire was collected, the data was tabulated using Microsoft Excel and analyzed using Smart PLS 4. The results of this research show that Leadership Style has a significant effect on Employee Performance, Work Environment has a significant effect on Employee Performance, Motivation has a significant effect on Employee Performance, Leadership Style has a significant effect on Motivation, Work Environment has a significant effect on Motivation.The Motivation variable succeeded in mediating the effect of the Leadership Style and Work Environment variables on employee performance.</p> 2024-01-04T20:39:10+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Puji Santoso, Heru Baskoro Tinjauan Kritis Atas Pelaporan Keuangan Hotel Berbasis Syariah 2024-01-10T13:08:26+07:00 Maulidatul Hasanah Agus Sugiono Ach. Baihaki Aminatus Zakhra <p>The purpose of this study is to review how the financial reporting process is carried out by the Cahaya Berlian Syariah Hotel. This study uses qualitative research by collecting data in the form of observations, interviews and documentation. The results of this study indicate that 1) The Cahaya Berlian Syariah Hotel uses an ijarah contract in accordance with PSAK 107, however the transactions carried out are not in accordance with the principles of sharia hotel governance because they use conventional banks so they have the potential to generate usury or non halal fund, 2) Buying and selling transaction in restaurants are in accordance with PSAK 102, however when canceling orders hotels do not calculate how much cost have been incurred in the order making process which can trigger losses for hotels and restaurants, 3) Financial reporting is not in accordance with PSAK 101, because the reporting is incomplete,. The zakat issued does not account or 2,5% of income, and the hotel does not separate non-halal funds rom conventional bank account so that the benevolent fund issued come from hotel and restaurant income.</p> 2024-01-08T12:09:01+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Maulidatul Hasanah, Agus Sugiono, Ach. Baihaki, Aminatus Zakhra Peran Profit Perusahaan Sektor Industri Barang Konsumsi dalam Mendukung Penghindaran Pajak (Tax Avoidance) di Indonesia 2024-01-12T19:13:24+07:00 Shintia Apriliana Amalia Nur Chasanah <p>The obligation to pay taxes has become very important as taxes contribute significantly to state revenue. This research aims to determine the influence of profitability, leverage, and company size on tax avoidance. The study was conducted in manufacturing companies in the consumer goods industry sector listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI) during the period 2018-2022, with a population of 88 companies. The purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample, resulting in a research sample of 26 companies. Using predetermined criteria, the purposive sampling method was employed in the sample selection. A total of 130 metrics from 26 different companies were collected over five years. Descriptive statistical analysis included tests for normality, heteroskedasticity, autocorrelation, multiple regression tests, coefficient of determination tests, T-tests, and F-tests as part of the research analysis method. This procedure utilized SPSS Statistics 24. From the research results, it was found that tax profitability hasn’t effect on tax avoidance, while leverage and company size have an impact on tax avoidance.</p> 2024-01-12T19:13:23+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Shintia Apriliana, Amalia Nur Chasanah Implementasi Pemberian Kredit Usaha Rakyat (KUR) pada KSP Kopdit Obor Mas Cabang Pasar Tingkat 2024-01-22T10:59:05+07:00 Angelina Lale Buu Yosefina Andia Dekrita Yoseph Darius Purnama Rangga <p>This study aims to explain the implementation of People's Business Credit (KUR) at the KSP of the Obor Mas Cooperative Market Level Branch. The research method used is descriptive qualitative research. Data collection techniques are carried out by triangulation (combined observation, interviews, documentation). The subjects in this study included employees at KSP Kopdit Obor Mas Pasar Level Branch. The results showed that the Implementation of People's Business Lending (KUR) at the KSP Kopdit Obor Mas Pasar Level Branch has implemented the provision of KUR. In the implementation of the provision of people's business loans, the KSP Kopdit Obor Mas implements the provision of KUR in accordance with the provisions of KUR services regulated in the Regulation of the Minister of Cooperatives for Economic Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia No. 1 of 2023 concerning amendments to the regulation of the Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia No. 1 of 2022 concerning guidelines for the implementation of people's business loans.</p> 2024-01-22T10:58:28+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Angelina Lale Buu, Yosefina Andia Dekrita, Yoseph Darius Purnama Rangga Penerapan Affixed Signature and Stamp pada Surat Keterangan Asal sebagai Mitigasi Kinerja Ekspor di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 2024-01-22T21:19:31+07:00 Ni Putu Ari Setiawati I Wayan Sutrisna <p>This research focuses on determining, implementing, factors that affect implementation and their implications for the export performance of Bali Province towards the G20 destination countries during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research method used is qualitative research. The informants used are from officials and exporters as policy implementers, as well as forwarders and carriers as implicated group targets. The questionnaire was distributed to 100 respondents, with 97 returned questionnaires. Based on the results of observations and interviews, it can be concluded that the establishment of the Regulation of the Minister of Trade of the Republic of Indonesia Number 39 of 2020 as a mitigation response in minimizing the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic in the smooth flow of goods in export performance. The Bali Provincial Industry and Trade Office as the Issuing Agency of Certificate of Origin (SKA) and exporters jointly implemented the Regulation of the Minister of Trade of the Republic of Indonesia Number 39 of 2020 by implementing the ASnS system in the original SKA issued, so that the efficiency of the SKA process can be improved, the smooth flow of goods can be increased, and export demand from G20 countries during the Covid-19 pandemic to Bali Province can be realized.</p> 2024-01-22T21:19:30+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ni Putu Ari Setiawati, I Wayan Sutrisna Analisis Penerapan Sistem Pengendalian Internal dalam Menunjang Efektifitas Sistem Pemberian Kredit pada KSP. Kopdit Tuke Jung Kantor Pusat Nelle 2024-01-23T06:11:16+07:00 Theresia Peni Kumanireng Henrikus Herdi Yoseph Darius Purnama Rangga <p>This research aims to analyze the implementation of the internal control system in supporting the effectiveness of the credit granting system at KSP. Kopdit Tuke Jung Nelle Head Office. This research uses a qualitative descriptive approach to analyze the implementation of the internal control system in supporting the effectiveness of the credit granting system at KSP. Kopdit Tuke Jung Nelle Head Office. Primary data was obtained through interviews with KSP managers. Kopdit Tuke Jung Nelle Head Office uses a structured question guide. Secondary data was obtained from literature sources and literature studies. Data analysis was carried out by identifying the factors causing bad credit and the internal controls implemented at the Kopdit Tuke Jung cooperative, Nelle Head Office. Implementation of an internal control system to support the effectiveness of the credit granting system at KSP. Kopdit Tuke Jung Nelle head office has been implemented well. However, in the credit granting procedure there are components that have not been implemented optimally.</p> 2024-01-23T06:11:16+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Theresia Peni Kumanireng, Henrikus Herdi, Yoseph Darius Purnama Rangga Respon Pasar Saham Terhadap Kurs, Harga Emas dan Inflasi di Indonesia 2024-01-26T08:33:38+07:00 Anwar Puteh Nurul Mawaddah <p>The financial market is the driving force of the country's economy because it can be used as an instrument for capital formation, facilitating community participation in resource mobilization, and facilitating financing for national development. This study examines the stock market response to the exchange rate, gold prices and inflation in Indonesia. This research uses quantitative methods with secondary data collection methods for the period June 2016 – July 2023. Data processing was carried out using a multiple linear regression analysis model. The results show that the Indonesian stock market responded positively to changes in the exchange rate, namely 36.244. Meanwhile, the price of gold was also responded positively by the Indonesian stock market at 0.532, while inflation was responded negatively by the Indonesian stock market at 0.253. Thus, the Indonesian stock market responds to every change in variables such as the exchange rate, gold prices and inflation.</p> 2024-01-25T11:27:52+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Anwar Puteh, Nurul Mawadah Peluang dan Tantangan Sektor E-Commerce dalam Meningkatkan Perekonomian di Era Transformasi Digital 2024-01-30T19:01:20+07:00 Diva Islami Maharani <p>Digital transformation is carried out through government policies by encouraging people to make optimal use of technology. With digital transformation, customers can easily buy goods online. The digital economy is an economy based on advances in information and communication technology that has no boundaries of distance or place. The economic and social digitalization of society is influenced by e-commerce and social media. So the economic system has changed from a conventional system to a more modern system. The aim of this research is to determine the opportunities and challenges of the e-commerce sector in improving the economy in the era of digital transformation. This research uses a qualitative approach, and data collection is carried out through literature review. Literature studies are obtained from several sources such as journals, essays and books. The research results show that e-commerce opportunities in improving the economy in the digital transformation era are through wider market access, reduced operational costs, product and service innovation. Meanwhile, the challenges of e-commerce in improving the economy include infrastructure and internet access, security and consumer protection, as well as the supply and delivery of goods.</p> 2024-01-30T19:01:20+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Diva Islami Maharani Analisis Keterbukaan Ekonomi dan Pengeluaran Pemerintah terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia 2024-02-15T15:55:02+07:00 Ikbar Allam Kharazi Ida Nuraini <p>The development success achieved by Indonesia to date cannot be separated from the existence of development plans that have been established and cooperation with other countries. The parameters for success can be seen from the value of gross domestic product (GDP), which continues to increase every year. The aim of this research is to determine the influence of foreign investment, government spending and foreign debt on economic growth in Indonesia in 2000-2022. This type of research is quantitative using secondary data which is time series sourced from the Indonesian Central Statistics Agency, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. The analytical instrument used is multiple linear regression. The results of this research show that government spending has a significant impact on economic growth, while foreign investment and foreign debt do not have a significant impact on Indonesia's economic growth in 2000-2022.</p> 2024-02-15T15:55:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ikbar Allam Kharazi, Ida Nuraini