https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/issue/feed Jurnal Simki Pedagogia 2024-02-22T12:53:39+07:00 Erwin Putera Permana, M.Pd ojs.unpkediri@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <div style="background-color: #ebfeec; border: 2px solid #bae481; border-radius: 5px; text-align: left; padding: 5px; font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 14px; margin-left: 0px;">Jurnal Simki Pedagogia Terbit 2 kali dalam 1 Tahun setiap bulan Januari dan Juli. Terbitan Berkala Ilmiah ini merupakan publikasi ilmiah di bidang kependidikan seperti Bimbingan Konseling, Perencanaan pembelajaran, Strategi pembelajaran, Metode pembelajaran, Media pembelajaran interaktif, Kompetensi pendidik, Penilaian pembelajaran, Inovasi pendidikan, Pendidikan Sejarah, Pendidikan Matematika, Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia, Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar dan Pendidikan Guru Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini.</div> <p><a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1501126545" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ISSN (<em>Online</em>)&nbsp;2599-073X</a><br><a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/20210701291094750" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ISSN (<em>Print</em>)&nbsp;2807-2790</a><br><a title="Web Analytics" href="https://statcounter.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://c.statcounter.com/12552100/0/abbab2ff/0/" alt="Web Analytics"></a> <a href="https://statcounter.com/p12552100/?guest=1" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Pengunjung Pedagogia</a></p> https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/275 The Impact of Teacher Experience and Motivation on the Performance of Elementary School Teachers in Wawo District, Bima, NTB 2024-01-02T16:34:34+07:00 Elyakim Nova Supriyedi Patty elyakim@univertasbumigora.ac.id Sri Astuti Iriyani sri.astuti@universitasbumigora.ac.id Heri Sopian Hadi heri@universitasbumigora.ac.id Marlina Marlina marlina@universitasbumigora.ac.id Reny Refitaningsih Peby Ria reny@universitasbumigora.ac.id <p>This research aims to explain the following: (1) The joint impact of experience and motivation on teacher performance. (2) the impact of teacher experience on teacher performance and (3) the impact of teacher motivation on teacher performance in Wawo sub-district, Bima, NTB. The sample for this research consisted of 153 certified civil servant educators from Wawo District, Bima Regency. The "random sampling" method was used to select 110 educators at random. Data collection in this study was obtained through tests and questionnaires. The reliability coefficient of teacher performance was rtt = 0.897, and the reliability coefficient of teacher motivation was rtt = 0.850, after giving the test instruments to 25 teachers outside the teacher sample took it. Teacher performance was 0.885 and principal leadership was 0.941. Descriptive quantitative analysis, multiple linear regression analysis, and partial correlation analysis were used to analyze the data in this research. The correctness of the data was checked with the help of computing software. The results of this research concluded that (1) teacher experience and teacher motivation have a positive and statistically significant effect on teacher performance. Effectively, 16.08% of teacher performance can be attributed to teacher motivation factors, followed by 11.45% of teacher experience factors; (2) the teacher experience factor has a significant positive effect on teacher performance. There is a positive correlation between teacher motivation and student achievement; (3) teacher performance increases with increasing years of experience. The more inspired a teacher is, the more effective they are in the classroom.</p> 2024-01-02T16:34:21+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Elyakim Nova Supriyedi Patty, Sri Astuti Iriyani, Heri Sopian Hadi, Marlina, Reny Refitaningsih Peby Ria https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/502 Child-Centered Learning In The Home Environment: Implementation And Challenges 2024-01-03T14:21:15+07:00 Nani Gondiawati srinurhayati@ikipsiliwangi.ac.id Sri Nurhayati srinurhayati@ikipsiliwangi.ac.id <p>This study examined the implementation of child-centered learning principles by the parents of TK Al Muthmainnah students, their knowledge of these principles, and the challenges they faced. A qualitative case study method was adopted, with ten parents participating as primary informants. Data were collected through observations, in-depth interviews, and document analysis, and were analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. The analysis revealed that parents possessed a foundational understanding of child-centered learning, viewing it as a way to foster autonomy and cater to their children's interests. They applied these principles at home by allowing children to make choices and encouraging exploration. However, they encountered challenges such as limited resources and the need for balancing guidance with children's independence. The findings suggest that while parents are inclined towards child-centered practices, the efficacy of these practices is affected by the availability of resources and support</p> 2024-01-03T14:21:15+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Nani Gondiawati, Sri Nurhayati https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/539 Keterampilan Membuka dan Menutup Pelajaran Mahasiswa Calon Guru IPA dalam Pelaksanaan Praktik Mengajar 2024-01-08T10:34:24+07:00 Lina Arifah Fitriyah linaarifahfitriyah@gmail.com Nur Hayati nurhay.ht@gmail.com Noer Af’idah noerafidah1985@gmail.com Oktaffi Arinna Manasikana changemaker.salatiga@gmail.com <p>This research aims to describe the skills of opening and closing lessons when prospective science teacher students practice teaching. This experiment is included in single subject research which is analyzed descriptively-quantitatively for students who will become science teachers and take microteaching courses. A teaching skills assessment rubric was used to obtain data for this research. The results of the study show that 1) the skill of opening lessons for prospective science teacher students is in the good category for each activity, namely the lesson begins with greetings then prepares students to learn, conducts apperception and explores students' initial knowledge, and communicates learning objectives. 2) skills in closing science teacher candidate students' lessons in a good category in reflecting and concluding learning material, giving follow-up directions regarding assignments or learning material for the next meeting, and ending the lesson by giving greetings and the like.</p> 2024-01-08T10:34:22+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Lina Arifah Fitriyah, Nur Hayati, Noer Af’idah, Oktaffi Arinna Manasikana https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/542 Ular Tangga Numerasi: Inovasi Media Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Siswa Sekolah Dasar 2024-01-09T05:34:21+07:00 Via Yustitia via.yustitia@unipasby.ac.id Yasmine Nur Izzah Rakhmah via.yustitia@unipasby.ac.id Indra Puji Astuti indra.pa@unipma.ac.id Erny Untari erny.untari@unipma.ac.id <p>The low numeracy skills of students are caused by a lack of practice, the results of literature studies and interviews with class V teachers at SDN Sugihrejo 1 show that students' AKM numeracy scores are low. So, researchers are interested in creating numeracy snakes and ladders learning media for fifth grade elementary school students. The research objectives are: 1) describe the process of developing Snakes and Ladders Numeracy Learning Media for fifth grade elementary school students; 2) describe the feasibility of the Snakes and Ladders Numeracy Learning Media product for fifth grade elementary school students. This type of R&amp;D (Research and Development) research uses a 4D model which is only carried out up to three stages of development, namely, 1) definition; 2) planning (design); and 3) development. This research resulted in 1) a development process that produced numeracy snakes and ladders learning media for fifth grade elementary school students; 2) the assessment results from 3 expert validators regarding media assessment are in the "Very Appropriate" category with an average percentage of 88%. and the assessment from the class V homeroom teacher at SDN Sugihrejo 1 got a percentage of 89%. In the content assessment by three validator lecturers, they got a percentage of 89% and the guardian teacher V SDN Sugihrejo1 got 83%, including the "Very Eligible" category. Meanwhile, the language assessment by 3 expert validators received the "Very Appropriate" category, obtaining a percentage score of 81% and the content assessment from the class V homeroom teacher at SDN Sugihrejo 1 obtained a percentage of 85%. It can be concluded that the results of the development of the numeracy snakes and ladders learning media have received the "Very Appropriate" criteria for use in learning.</p> 2024-01-09T05:34:19+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Via Yustitia, Yasmine Nur Izzah Rakhmah, Indra Puji Astuti, Erny Untari https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/492 Financial Management Training and Education Implementation in Elevating Low Income Family Empowerment 2024-01-09T10:30:40+07:00 Agus Hasbi Noor nurshrie33@gmail.com <p>This research aims to explores the implementation of financial management training in empowering low-income families in Kabupaten Cianjur. Using a qualitative approach and a case study method, data was collected through in-depth interviews, observations, and document study. The informants in this research consists of a training manager, a training resource person, and 10 trainees. The findings provided a holistic view of the training's implementation and outcomes. Data analysis involved coding, theme identification, and interpretation to extract meaningful insights. The findings highlight the importance of expert involvement, tackling financial misconceptions, and the use of effective pedagogical strategies for comprehensive understanding. The positive reception from participants and observed behavioral shifts emphasize the tangible benefits of the training. The study concludes by emphasizing the critical role of financial education in fostering genuine, sustained financial empowerment among low-income populations.</p> 2024-01-09T10:30:39+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Agus Hasbi Noor https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/519 Memahami Transformasi Pendidikan Luar Sekolah: Analisis Empiris Dampak Program PKBM Al-Madinah Kediri melalui Pendekatan Fenomenologi 2024-01-12T10:24:17+07:00 Abdurochman Abdurochman abdurochman.2301419@students.um.ac.id Supriyono Supriyono supriyono.fip@um.ac.id Umi Dayati umi.dayati.fip@um.ac.id Ellyn Sugeng Desyanty ellyn.sugeng.fip@um.ac.id <p>Non-formal education (NFE) is a form of education outside the formal system, which provides services to certain target students in the fields of social, religious, cultural, skills, and expertise. One of the institutions that organise NFE is the Al-Madinah Kediri Community Learning Centre (CLC), which offers a free equivalency education programme for children and adults. This study aims to understand the transformation experienced by CLC Al-Madinah Kediri students after attending the equivalency education programme. This research uses a phenomenological approach, which seeks to uncover the meaning and essence of learners' life experiences from their own perspective. This research was conducted using in-depth interviews with 10 learners who have completed the Paket B (junior high school equivalent) or Paket C (senior high school equivalent) programme at CLC Al-Madinah Kediri. The results showed that learners of CLC Al-Madinah Kediri experienced transformation in the aspects of knowledge, skills, attitudes, values, and opportunities. Learners feel more confident, independent, empowered, and contribute to society after participating in the equivalency education programme. Learners also get other benefits, such as dormitory facilities, meals, pocket money, and guidance from the foundation. This research implies that NFE can be an effective and relevant alternative in fulfilling the lifelong education needs of disadvantaged communities.</p> 2024-01-09T11:27:16+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Abdurochman, Supriyono, Umi Dayati, Ellyn Sugeng Desyanty https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/550 Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek (PjBL), Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Multikultural (PBM) terhadap Altruisme Siswa SDN Margerejo I Surabaya. 2024-01-10T12:38:09+07:00 Danang Prastyo danang@unipasby.ac.id Ida Sulistyowati ida@unipasby.ac.id Rarasaning Satianingsih rarasaning@unipasby.ac.id Dinda Prameswari 28dindaprames@gmail.com <p>This research aims to determine the effect of learning models, namely the Project Based Learning Model (PjBL) and the Multicultural Based Learning Model (PBM) on the altruism of students at Margerejo I Elementary School, Surabaya. This type of research uses experiments with two classes, namely the treatment class and the control class. The research design uses a Posttest Only Non Equivalent Group Design. The research population is elementary school students in Surabaya and the research sample is SDN Margerejo I Surabaya. Data collection techniques using Altruism questionnaires. The data analysis technique uses the T test with the SPSS program. From the results of data processing, it was concluded that there was an influence of the PjBL and PBM models on the altruism of students at SDN Margerejo I Surabaya.</p> 2024-01-10T12:38:08+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Danang Prastyo, Ida Sulistyowati, Rarasaning Satianingsih, Dinda Prameswari https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/548 Efforts to Improve the Ability of PKN Subject Teachers in the Use of Learning Aids Through the Implementation of Class Visit Supervision at Yunior High School Cerdas Mandiri 2024-01-15T20:12:53+07:00 Rince Marpaung rincemarpaung@uhn.ac.id Jojor Silalahi jojorsilalahu@uhn.ac.id Herdi Susri Napitupulu herdisusri@gmail.com <p>The purpose of implementing classroom action research activities is to provide an explanation of the process of implementing class visits as an effort to improve the ability of Civics Subject Teachers using learning teaching aids. This research method is Classroom Action Research with four main steps, namely: action planning, action implementation, observation and reflection. The results showed that the ability of teachers in learning planning using learning aids in the initial condition only reached an average number of 57.58 with less criteria and the first cycle increased to 68.18 in sufficient criteria and in the last cycle to 80.30 in very good criteria, and individually per teacher in the initial condition no teacher was declared complete, increased to 5 teachers or 45.45% and in the last cycle to 100%, and the ability of teachers in the implementation of learning using learning aids in the initial condition only reached an average of 59.22 with less criteria and the first cycle increased to 69.57 in sufficient criteria and in the last cycle to 84.22 in very good criteria, and individually per teacher in the initial condition no teacher was declared complete, increased to 45.45% and in the last cycle to 100%.</p> 2024-01-15T20:12:52+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Rince Marpaung, Jojor Silalahi, Herdi Susri Napitupulu https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/479 Enhancing Family Food Security Through Experiential Learning-Based Training In Organic Food Cultivation 2024-01-17T09:39:22+07:00 Sarah Sarah srinurhayati@ikipsiliwangi.ac.id Sri Nurhayati srinurhayati@ikipsiliwangi.ac.id <p>This study aims to assess the impact of an experiential learning based training on organic food cultivation in increasing family food security, while also exploring the potential for behavior change and economic resilience. Employing a qualitative research design, the study used case study method. Participants engaged in an experiential learning program designed to impart skills and knowledge in organic food cultivation. Data were collected through interviews, observations, and documentation study, and analyzed using thematic analysis triangulation. The findings highlight the participants' evolving perceptions of the link between organic food cultivation and family food security within the unique urban environment. The training resulted in shifts in consumption patterns and dietary habits within families, fostering healthier choices. Furthermore, the cultivation of organic produce contributed to family finances, reducing expenditure on purchased produce. The study underscores the impact of experiential learning in fostering practical skills and behavior change in an urban community setting. The research contributes to the understanding of how experiential learning interventions can positively influence family food security within specific urban localities. This study suggests that integrating experiential learning approaches into training initiatives can empower urban families to cultivate their own organic produce.</p> 2024-01-17T09:39:21+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Sarah, Sri Nurhayati https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/552 Analisis Kesiapan Guru Sekolah Dasar dalam Mengimplementasikan Kurikulum Merdeka pada Pembelajaran 2024-01-22T19:20:17+07:00 Zaqia Rahma Dewi zaqia.rahma.2301328@students.um.ac.id Anggel Hardi Yanto anggelhardiyanto@unja.ac.id Muhammad Iqbal Jauhar Hanim iqbaljauharhanim@gmail.com <p>The aim of this research is to describe and analyze the readiness of elementary school teachers in implementing the independent curriculum. This type of research is descriptive qualitative. Data collection was carried out by conducting direct interviews with 6 elementary school teachers regarding teacher readiness in implementing the independent curriculum. The research stages consist of 1) selecting a research topic, 2) literature study, 3) research focus, 4) data collection, 5) data processing, 6) data analysis, 7) conclusions and suggestions. The results of this research are that all teachers have a positive attitude towards implementing the independent curriculum policy by participating in training held by the government and participating in training independently. However, in terms of facilities and infrastructure, there are several schools that are unable to implement the independent curriculum because they are hampered by inadequate facilities.</p> 2024-01-22T19:20:16+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Zaqia Rahma Dewi, Anggel Hardi Yanto, Muhammad Iqbal Jauhar Hanim https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/547 Gamifying Reading Motivation in EFL Students: Enhancing Engagement and Language Learning Through ICT 2024-01-22T19:51:56+07:00 Fitri Pangestu Noer Anggrainy pangestufitri@gmail.com Sharizan Sharizan rizanpalson28@gmail.com Ricky Sriyanda rickysriyanda7@gmail.com Muhammad Farhan muhammadfarhanza50@gmail.com <p>This research investigates the potential of gamification in encouraging reading motivation among English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students. Reading motivation is crucial in language learning, and gamification offers promising inenues to enhance it. The study examines both reading skills and the various factors influencing reading motivation. Utilizing a conceptual paper methodology, this research systematically analyzes existing literature, theories, and concepts related to gamification and reading motivation in EFL learning, providing a comprehensive synthesis that forms the basis for understanding the potential impact of gamification on enhancing reading motivation among students. The synthesis of findings indicates that gamification positively impacts EFL learners’ reading motivation by fostering greater involvement, independence, and belief in their reading abilities. By incorporating game elements like points, badges, and leaderboards, this study reveals that through gamification in reading activities, learners not only achieve a sense of progress and competition but also overcome challenges like lack of interest, self-confidence, and autonomy in EFL reading, ultimately fostering increased motivation.</p> 2024-01-22T19:51:55+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Fitri Pangestu Noer Anggrainy, Sharizan, Ricky Sriyanda, Muhammad Farhan https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/568 Pengaruh Learning Cycle dengan Pendekatan Contextual Teaching Learning terhadap Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis pada Pembelajaran Sains 2024-01-27T17:12:06+07:00 Ratna Ekawati ratna.ekawati.pasca@um.ac.id Widiasih Widiasih widiasih@ecampus.ut.ac.id Aynin Mashfufah aynin.mashfufah.pasca@um.ac.id Intan Sari Rufiana intan.sari.pasca@um.ac.id <p>Science learning aims to study natural phenomena systematically, involving high-level manipulative thinking processes to give physical meaning to natural phenomena around us. The main problem in science learning is students memorize science concepts, they need to be trained to solve problems and interpret natural phenomena in everyday life. One learning approach to solving problems is the Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) approach with the Learning Cycle strategy. The research objective is to determine the effect of the Learning Cycle with the Contextual Teaching and Learning Approach on critical thinking skills in science learning. This research uses a quasi-research method with two experimental classes. The sampling technique is cluster random sampling. The research sample was two classes in a state school in Yogyakarta. Data analysis includes the data description stage, analysis prerequisite testing stage, and hypothesis testing stage. The research results show differences in the average critical thinking skills of the Learning Cycle strategy with the CTL approach and laboratory work..</p> 2024-01-27T17:12:04+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ratna Ekawati, Widiasih, Aynin Mashfufah, Intan Sari Rufiana https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/572 Al-Murtajal dan Al-Manqul dalam Serapan Bahasa Arab pada Nama-nama Masyarakat Indonesia dan Malaysia 2024-01-29T10:45:28+07:00 Riadussolihin Riadussolihin jausyandzil@gmail.com Roslan Bin Ab Rahman roslanabr@unisza.edu.my Lalu Zulpadli lalu.z.terunesasak@gmail.com <p>Arabic has made a major contribution to the development of the Malay language (Indonesia and Malaysia). The influence of Arabic can be seen from the large amount of vocabulary that has been absorbed and documented in books and dictionaries. Besides documented vocabulary, Arabic also influences the tradition of giving proper names among Indonesian and Malaysian people. However, data and analysis examining Arabic absorption names are still limited. This article aims to reveal and describe the phenomenon of absorption of <em>al-'alam al-Murtajal and al-'alam al-Manqul</em>, namely Arabic names and their vocabulary in the names of Indonesian and Malaysian people. This research is qualitative-descriptive, where the primary data sources are written documents and reviews of relevant literature. The results of this research show that the categories of Arabic names in the form of <em>al-'alam al-Murtajal and al-'alam al-Manqul</em> are absorbed and used in the names of Indonesian and Malaysian people. In the absorption process, there are two conditions, namely adoption and adaptation. The names included in <em>al-'alam al-Murtajal</em>were adopted by the community without undergoing changes or shifts in terms of phonetics and spelling. Meanwhile, in <em>al-'alam al-Manqul</em>, adoption and adaptation processes coincide. Adopted names do not change, while adapted names change phonetics and spelling. As a result of this change, there is a semantic contradiction between the meaning of Arabic as a source language and the meaning desired by the absorbing community. Changes in letters and vowels can change the meaning from the perspective of the Arabic language, while these changes do not affect the desired meaning in the view of the people who absorb the name.</p> 2024-01-29T10:42:25+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Riadussolihin, Roslan Bin Ab Rahman, Lalu Zulpadli https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/164 Teachers' Perception on Integrating Technology In Differentiated Instruction and Collaborative Learning: A Case Study 2024-02-06T04:48:55+07:00 Mustofa Mustofa mustofa@unusa.ac.id <p>The purpose of this case study is to explore the percepation of Taiwanese middle school teachers on the implementation of digital technology in order to facilitate differentiated instructions and collaborative learning, ultimately enhancing the effectiveness and equity of learning environments in diverse classrooms. The researcher performed observations and semi-structured interviews with three proficient teachers with experience utilizing technology. The results demonstrate that teachers recognize ample potential and prospects in employing digital technology to tailor teaching methods and foster an equitable and supportive learning atmosphere.</p> 2024-02-06T04:48:54+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mustofa https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/574 Pengaruh Penggunaan Artificial Intelligence terhadap Kecerdasan Intelektual Mahasiswa PAI Universitas Islam Zainul Hasan Genggong Probolinggo 2024-02-18T08:50:17+07:00 Herliana Utari hrlnutari411@gmail.com Abu Yazid Adnan Quthny a.yazid.aq@gmail.com Ibnul Arobi ibnularabi180887@gmail.com <p>Education is experiencing rapid development in the increasingly advanced digital era. Artificial intelligence can create a more personalized and adaptive learning system, help teachers create more effective learning content, and help students understand lecture material. Apart from that, artificial intelligence also helps in the educational administration and management process. The use of AI has a positive impact on increasing students' intellectual intelligence in completing coursework. Students can utilize artificial intelligence to get more effective assistance in understanding and carrying out academic assignments. This investigation seeks to ascertain how the application of artificial intelligence affects the intellectual intelligence of PAI students at Zainul Hasan Genggong Islamic University in Probolinggo. Using a population of 87 students from the 2020 Islamic Religious Education Study Program (PAI), this research used associative quantitative methodology. Because the population is less than 100, this research uses a census sampling method, namely all students are sampled. A questionnaire was used to collect data, and SPSS 25 edition programming was used to carry out normality tests and simple linear regression analysis. The results of the analysis show that for the 2020 class of PAI Zainul Hasan Genggong Islamic University Probolinggo students, the application of AI had an influence on intellectual intelligence by 57.1%, and the remaining 42.9% was influenced by other factors. Therefore, the use of artificial intelligence has a significant influence on the intellectual intelligence of PAI students at Zainul Hasan Genggong Islamic University, Probolinggo.</p> 2024-02-18T08:50:16+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Herliana Utari, Abu Yazid Adnan Quthny, Ibnul Arobi https://jiped.org/index.php/JSP/article/view/581 Determining the Contribution Percentage of Special Physical Fitness Elements to Some Basic Skills of Zakho Club Football Players 2024-02-22T12:53:39+07:00 Safad Mudhafar Mohammed Safad.mohammed@uoz.edu.krd <p>This study aimed to identify the relationship and contribution percentages between special physical fitness elements (explosive strength, speed strength, speed endurance, strength endurance) and basic football skills (long distance shooting, dribbling, long pass, heading) in advanced players at Zakho Sports Club. The sample consisted of 15 players who were tested on the fitness elements and skills. The results showed significant correlations between explosive strength and shooting/heading skills; speed strength and dribbling; and strength endurance and heading. Explosive strength had the highest contribution to shooting (48%) and heading (43%). Speed strength contributed most to dribbling (76%). Strength endurance contributed highly to heading (30%). The findings can help guide training efforts and program design for optimal development of key football skills.</p> 2024-02-22T12:53:39+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Safad Mudhafar Mohammed